The sport of polo’s Spreckels Cup has a deliciously confusing history, a tangle to delight those who take pleasure in unraveling the strands.
:: The Spreckels ::
John D. Spreckels (1853-1926)
Adolph B. Spreckels (1857-1924)
We begin with the namesakes: John D. Spreckels and Adolph B. Spreckels, sons of California sugar baron Claus Spreckels (1823-1908). Working together, John and Adolph invested in the Oceanic Steamship Company, J.D. & A.B. Spreckels Securities, the Southern California Water Company, the San Diego and Southeastern Railway Company, the San Diego Union and San Diego Tribune, the First National Bank of San Diego, the Bank of Coronado, Coronado Water Company, the Hotel del Coronado, the Coronado Country Club, and many other enterprises.
John and Adolph enjoyed some success and thus were at liberty to indulge their sporting interests.
:: The Cups ::
In 1895, John commissioned the first John D. Spreckels Cup, for water polo. Made by Shreve & Co. in San Francisco, the Cup, bearing a water polo scene, was given to the California Swimming and Polo Club as a challenge cup.
Perhaps inspired by his sibling, Adolph offered a silver cup at the San Francisco Horse Show of 1895, and in 1896, a silver plate for best performance by an amateur driving a four-in-hand through obstacles.
In 1897, Adolph offered a towering silver trophy to the winner of the A.B. Spreckels Cup, a race for thoroughbred 3-year-olds at the Ingleside race track in San Francisco.
In March of 1900, Adolph offered a “president’s vase” for best bull terrier at the San Francisco Kennel Club Show, and in April of 1902, he provided a “president’s cup” for the best greyhound, won, interestingly, by a pooch named Rubber Ankles.
In December of 1902, John put up the cups for an AAU boxing event to be held at the Olympic Athletic Club in San Francisco, and in January of 1906, he awarded the John D. Spreckels Cup, for large touring cars, to Charles Hawkins and his White steamer, after a Los Angeles-to-Coronado endurance run.
:: Polo ::
The first John D. Spreckels Cup in polo was a solid silver punchbowl offered at the Coronado Country Club in 1906. Won by Burlingame in 1906, 1907 and 1908, the cup became the property of the Burlingame club and was replaced in 1909 by a new, more traditional “loving cup,” again in silver, on a dark base, with two handles sporting horse heads. The cup read, “Polo Challenge Trophy, presented by John D. Spreckels.” It was known variously as “The California Challenge Trophy,” “The Coronado Country Club Trophy” and as — no surprise — “The John D. Spreckels Cup.”
Also in 1909, Coronado offered another trophy, to attract national and international competitors to California. Its inscription read, “All America Championship Polo Trophy, Presented by Members & Friends of the Coronado Country Club, Coronado Beach, California. Open to Recognized Teams Throughout the World. In Memory of John D. Spreckels and Adolph B. Spreckels and of Their Great Interest in the Establishment of Polo on the Pacific Coast.”
This trophy could only be awarded if at least two teams from outside of California were competing. It was known as “The All America Trophy,” “The International Challenge Trophy,” “The Pacific Coast All American Trophy” and eventually the “Pacific Coast Open Championship Trophy.” Its present home is at the Santa Barbara Polo Club. On occasion, it has been identified as the Spreckels Cup, but this way madness lies. The trophy is identified with the Spreckels family, but it is not the Spreckels Cup.
To sow a bit more confusion, in March of 1907, Adolph offered the A.B. Spreckels Challenge Cup to the winning polo pony racing over a mile and one quarter at Coronado. (I do not know if the actual trophy was Adolph’s 1897 thoroughbred racing cup being repurposed, or a new trophy made specifically for polo pony racing.)
:: The Cups Runneth Over ::
The Spreckels would keep the silversmiths busy for years to come. In 1910, yachting enthusiasts competed at the San Francisco Yacht Club for three Spreckels Cups, one for each class of boat.
In 1930, the A. B. Spreckels Golf Cup, shown above, was played for at Coronado Country Club. The trophy was sterling silver, made by Reed and Barton.
In July of 1935, Dorothy (Spreckels) Dupuy sprang for a trophy named for her late father, A.B. Spreckels. Shown above, dominating a table on the banks of the Seine, the trophy was for motorboat racing. The first race was held in Paris and the winner was Jean Dupuy, Dorothy’s husband.
:: Today’s Spreckels Cups ::
In the present day, there are two Spreckels Cups in play, both in San Diego.
Since 1988, the 1909 John D. Spreckels Cup, from Coronado, has been played for annually at the San Diego Polo Club. The cup spends most of the year in the art collection of the California Thoroughbred Foundation (CTF), having made its way there from the estate of legendary horseman Carleton F. Burke, whose Midwick polo team was the first to win the cup three times (in 1921, ’24 and ’25). The CTF loans the Spreckels Cup to the club each September, and it’s a beauty.
The Tri Tech team holds aloft the Spreckels Cup in October, 2009, at the San Diego Polo Club. Photo by Gina McGalliard.
Also, golfers at the Coronado Women’s Golf Club compete for a Spreckels Cup each year, keeping the Spreckels name alive on the links.
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My virtual thanks to Google, the New York Times, the California Digital Newspaper Collection, and my real thanks to Heather Chronert at the San Diego Polo Club.