Ramon Novarro and Francis X. Bushman in the silent classic Ben Hur (1925)
Lobby card, 1925
There was also a stage version of the novel, with the chariot race on stage. (The Broadway production had two chariots; the London production had four.) The play opened in 1899, and spawned touring companies that kept the work alive for more than 20 years. This poster is from 1901 in Chicago.